What are maritime security regimes

Maritime security regimes are defined as the overall codes and conventions set and implemented by coastal states. The principle behind maritime security regimes is to strive for and maintain a degree of safety and security within territorial waters. If you intend to navigate a yacht or ship in international waters you are advised to seek advice on the necessary codes of conduct to abide by.

Maritime security regimes explained

Maritime security regimes are effective across the globe with coastal states agreeing set codes of behavior to ensure high levels of security on waters. With international maritime regimes in place, one of the most commonly known regime is the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS).

There are many maritime security regimes in place that are internationally recognized and implemented, some of these regimes include;

– SUA
– UNCLOS
– PSI
– ISPS Code
– SARPSCO

The SUA was established in 1988 and strives to restrain unlawful acts that are detrimental to the safety of maritime navigations. The PSI regime is considered less of a framework but more of a list of principles that must be adhered to, to ensure high levels of marine security is achieved.

The ISPS code is applicable to international ships and ports and aims to develop and implement security through a set of codes that must be followed.

Another type of maritime security regime is the agreement on “co-operation in Suppressing illicit Maritime and air trafficking in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic substances in the Caribbean Area”. A widely regarded regime, it aims to control all forms of illegal drugs trafficking within the territories of the Caribbean.